The Belong Network Library

Research and resources on social cohesion theory and best practice.

The Belong Network Library

Research and resources on social cohesion theory and best practice.

Welcome to the Belong Network Library

The Belong Library is free to access and brings together a wide range of online resources produced by the public, private and civil society sectors to build the evidence base around social cohesion.

It is regularly updated and includes:

  • measurement and evaluation frameworks,
  • ‘what works’ guides,
  • relevant research,
  • best practice sharing
  • training materials for small and large charities and other volunteer-involving sports and community organisations.

Please contact us if you are unable to find what you need – we’d be delighted to help.

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Resource Themes

Resource Type

Resource Years

Causal Connections: Secondary Data Analyses of the Links Between Volunteering and Social Cohesion in the UK July 2023

Author: Belong - The Cohesion and Integration Network by Professor Dominic Abrams, Dr Ben Davies, and Ms Zoe Horsham, University of Kent

This report presents findings from analyses of three large-scale surveys assessing the relationship between social cohesion and volunteering, and the factors that may encourage or hinder them. The three surveys cover a combined total of approximately 77,000 respondents and cover time periods from 2014-2021.

Stoking the Flames: The influence of tabloid press and government rhetoric on far-right anti-migrant engagement May 2023

Author: Hope Not Hate

Far-right anti-migrant activity has been sharply rising in recent years. This report by Hope Not Hate demonstrates how the far-right’s revived interest in immigration and asylum over recent years has piggybacked on mainstream anti-migrant rhetoric and hostile policy proposals.

It’s a no-brainer: Local authority funding for immigration legal advice in the UK May 2023

Author: Jo Wilding

‘It’s a no-brainer’ finds there is a clear cost benefit in all of the local authority funded or commissioned immigration advice schemes that were examined in the report. It emphasises that it is far more costly to accommodate people who would be destitute than to pay for good quality legal advice, and leads to better community cohesion, better public health, and better economic outcomes.

Social Integration in Schools and Colleges Research Report May 2023

Author: Miles Hewstone, Department for Education

The Department for Education (DfE) commissioned this report to provide a resource on strategies that could help schools and teachers to promote social integration and community cohesion, simply defined as the development of positive relations between different social groups.

Key findings from Time Well Spent 2023 May 2023

Author: Time Well Spent

Time Well Spent data reveals how much volunteering has transformed over recent years. While there is much to be celebrated, it shows that there are still challenges equity, diversity and inclusion which all impact on social cohesion.

Addressing Community Tensions: Developing shared ground April 2023

Author: The Belong Network

This is a short paper which the Belong Network has drawn together from in-depth conversations with the Belong Local Government Network, and a workshop on this subject undertaken with Belong Network local authority members and partner organisations in their wider networks. The paper highlights effective approaches and examples of good practice which members of the Belong Network are currently using – or steps which they are considering taking – to identify and respond to signs of community tension, and to nurture local resilience.

Enough is Enough: The Psychology Behind Authoritarian Populist Discourse March 2023

Author: Míriam Juan-Torres González

In recent years, political scientists, psychologists, and commentators have grown increasingly interested in the psychological theories that explain political and social attitudes. Moral Foundations Theory is a model that can help us to understand the current moment and build empathy for those who have a different worldview – wherever you stand.

London Together: What role can sport and physical activity play in driving social integration? January 2023

Author: Tom Keyte, inFocus | Corinna Philpott, Comic Relief Ellie Sheppard, Mayor of London

A recent report by GLA and Comic Relief on sport and integration.

Where are the police? Britons’ attitudes to crime, anti-social behaviour and the police January 2023

Author: More In Common, Arisa Kimaram, Luke Tryl, Conleth Burns and Tyron Surmon

Drawing on extensive polling and focus groups, this new report by More in Common outlines Britons’ attitudes on crime, policing, and anti-social behaviour: highlighting their lack of trust in the police, and what needs to be done to rebuild public support.

Cohesion: Coming of Age at 21 Years November 2022

Author: Prof Ted Cantle CBE

The release of Cohesion: Coming of Age at 21 Years, marks 21 years since Professor Ted Cantle’s landmark report on community cohesion following the riots in Northern towns. This new report looks back to the start of the work to bring communities together and reduce division to this year’s violence and protests in Leicester, including the work to tackle extremism, the role of social media, the debate around immigration and the divisive political context in which we now find ourselves.